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What We Know About the Investigation Into Hillary Clinton’s Private Email Server

30,000 initially turned over by Mrs. Clinton’s lawyers, deemed work-related, returned to the State Department in December 2014.
8 chains included “top secret” information
36 chains included “secret” information
8 chains included “confidential” information, the lowest level of classification
2,000 emails have since been classified “confidential
▪ The F.B.I. director, James B. Comey, said that a very small number of emails had classified markings when they were sent.
14,900 additional work-related emails that Mrs. Clinton did not turn over to the State Department, uncovered by the F.B.I. during the course of its investigation.
More than 9,000 emails were personal and will not be released
About 5,600 will be released, many not until well after Election Day. At least 75 have been released so far.
An unknown number of additional emails that may be pertinent, the F.B.I. announced on Oct. 28, found after the bureau seized at least one electronic device once shared by Anthony D. Weiner and his estranged wife, Huma Abedin, an aide to Mrs. Clinton.
▪ The number of emails are in the thousands, according to law enforcement officials.

What Happened While Clinton
Was Secretary of State

January 2009

Mrs. Clinton becomes secretary of state and begins using hdr22@clintonemail.com, an email account housed on aprivate server. At the time, the State Department’s policy stated that “normal day-to-day operations” were to be conducted on an authorized system.

October 2009

Federal record-keeping guidelines for the use of personal accounts are tightened, requiring that any such records be preserved in federal systems.

September 2012

A United States diplomatic outpost and a C.I.A. facility in Benghazi, Libya, are attacked. Four Americans are killed.

December 2012

The chairman of the House Oversight Committee asks Mrs. Clinton in a letter if she has used a private email account. She does not reply. The State Department later responds, without answering the question.

February 2013

Mrs. Clinton leaves office. Four months later, State Department staff members reviewing the Benghazi attacks discover correspondence, for the first time, between her private email account and the government accounts of her immediate staff.

An Investigation Into the
Benghazi Attacks Puts More
Focus on Clinton’s Emails

May 2014

Hearings on Benghazi spur the House speaker, John A. Boehner, to create a special select committee to investigate the attacks and how the government responded.

July 2014

Officials begin negotiating with Mrs. Clinton’s representatives, including her former chief of staff, Cheryl D. Mills, to obtain all of her emails. Ms. Mills says Mrs. Clinton will turn them over, but cautions that it will take some time.

August 2014

The State Department provides the select committee on Benghazi with 15,000 pages of documents, including a handful of emails from Mrs. Clinton, all from her private account. The committee asks for the rest of the emails.

Clinton Hands Over Emails, and
They Are Eventually Made Public

December 2014

After a formal request by the State Department, Mrs. Clinton hands over 55,000 printed pagesof more than 30,000 emails.

January 2015

During a hearing of the Benghazi committee, State Department officials are criticized for not providing all documentsrelated to the investigation. Two weeks later, they hand over roughly 900 pages of emails.

February and March 2015

Before The New York Times publishes an article about Mrs. Clinton’s personal email account, the State Department tells committee investigators that she relied on it exclusively as secretary of state. Soon after, Mrs. Clinton announces that she has asked the State Department to release emails from the 30,000 she handed over, and says that she deleted another 32,000 personal messages.

April 2015

Mrs. Clinton announces her candidacy for president.

May 2015

The State Department begins releasing several thousand pages of her emails, many of them partly redacted. The releases continue until the last of the roughly 30,000 messages are made public in February 2016.

As the Campaign Continues,
Classified Information Is Discovered

July 2015

Government investigators say they found classified information in emails from Mrs. Clinton’s server. The emails were not marked classified at the time, and it is unclear if Mrs. Clinton knew that the information was classified. The investigators refer the matter to the Justice Department, and shortly thereafter the F.B.I. opens an investigation.

January 2016

The State Department announces that it will not release 22 emails that contain “top secret” material. The classifications of the emails were increased after the fact; they were not marked when they were sent. Three days later, the first presidential primary is held in Iowa.

May 2016

The State Department’s inspector general releases a report criticizing Mrs. Clinton’s use of the private server, saying that she should have asked for approval and that she had violated department policies by not surrendering her emails before leaving office.

Oct. 28, 2016

The F.B.I. announced that it had discovered new emails relevant to the closed investigation into whether Mrs. Clinton or her staff had mishandled classified information. James B. Comey, the F.B.I. director, wrote that the agency was working to determine if the new emails “contain classified information, as well as to assess their importance to our investigation.”

How Many Investigations and
Legal Proceedings Are Happening?

F.B.I. investigation

An F.B.I. investigation into whether any laws were broken in the handling of classified information has concluded, and while the agency recommended no charges against Ms. Clinton over her use of email, it was called “extremely careless.” Attorney General Loretta Lynch affirmed that she would accept the recommendation and that the Department of Justice would not seek criminal charges. On Sept. 3, the F.B.I. released a document summarizing its interview with Mrs. Clinton and a memorandum about the investigation.

Judicial Watch lawsuits

A conservative legal advocacy group, Judicial Watch, has brought several lawsuits against the State Department under the Freedom of Information Act for records relating to Mrs. Clinton’s tenure, including the special employment status of Mrs. Clinton’s top aide at the department, Huma Abedin. One of the suits resulted in an order by a federal judge on Aug. 22 for the State Department to provide a timetable to hand over 15,000 previously unreleased emails.

Congressional and agency reports

On June 28, the select committee on Benghazi issued its final report, which found no new evidence of wrongdoing by Hillary Clinton in the 2012 attacks in Libya. Separate inquiries by the Senate Homeland Security Committee, the Senate Judiciary Committee and the Inspector General of the Intelligence Community may also result in reports.

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Via: nytimes.com

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